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June 17, 2021

Oblique Lateral Interbody Fusion (OLIF) Surgery: Approach and Critical Lighting Required

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OLIF, also known as oblique lateral interbody fusion, is a procedure that is performed as a minimally invasive surgery (MIS) technique.

This innovative technique is growing quickly and is becoming more widely practiced. The number of established surgeons beginning to offer MIS OLIF is rapidly increasing by around 10% every year.

As a lighting solutions provider, we're dedicated to staying on top of the latest minimally invasive surgery techniques and technological advancements in the market.

We understand that integrating optimized light into your surgical retractor system is key for building a better retractor system that will help you become the industry leader in surgical solutions.

This article on the OLIF spinal procedure covers what the procedure consists of, why the OLIF approach is used over alternative surgeries, the benefits of the procedure compared to  "open fusion techniques," and much more!

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OLIF Spinal procedure: Approach to Less Invasive Surgery

An OLIF is a surgical technique for spinal problems that minimizes cutting to muscles and uses a single port to access the disc space, fill it with bone material, and then fuse the bones of the lumbar spine. In some cases, using an OLIF procedure will minimize the costly use of navigation devices because the approach is not at risk of contracting the CNS. 

OLIF can be used to treat various conditions of the lumbar spine, including but not limited to degenerative disc disease, herniated disc, fractures to the vertebrae, spinal deformities, spinal weakness, or spondylolisthesis. 

This technique is sometimes referred to as Oblique Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion (OLIF).

Here is a detailed video on the OLIF procedure  by Medtronic Spinal:

Source: YouTube, Oblique Lateral Interbody Fusion (OLIF) patient education video by Medtronic Spinal

Why is the OLIF Procedure Used vs. Alternative Approaches? 

An OLIF procedure can be used over traditional approaches to avoid cutting the psoas muscle, making this procedure a minimally invasive surgery. This is crucial because avoiding cutting the psoas muscle can lead to a faster recovery for the patient. 

So...how is this procedure done? 

A surgeon will begin by positioning the patient on their side and using a fluoroscope (also known as a video x-ray device) to find the damaged disc.

From there, a small incision is made to allow some small tubes, called  “dilators,” to reach the disc and a surgical retractor to create a working field for the surgeon. [source] Next, a 10 mm diameter surgical port is introduced to allow access to “Kambin’s triangle.”

A definition of Kambin’s triangle, according to The Journal of Neurosurgery (JNS), states that Kambin’s triangle is “an anatomical corridor used to access critical structures in a variety of spinal procedures.” This space is considered safe because it does not house any vascular and neural structures of importance.

Kambin’s triangle allows access to the disc without cutting through the psoas muscle, which is key to faster recovery time for the patient because it skips cutting or separating the psoas muscle.

The disc is removed through the space and then packed with either the synthetic bone growth matrix or the patient’s bone graft. [source

Finally, the surgeon will insert a cage or support structure before attaching the disc to the next disc underneath it. 

Here is a photo that depicts Kambin’s Triangle.

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Pros and Cons of OLIF Surgery Compared With Other Surgeries

OLIF Compared with Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF)

Chart1

OLIF Compared with Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion (XLIF)

Chart2

Source: “Mini-Open Anterior Retroperitoneal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Oblique Lateral Interbody Fusion for Lumbar Spinal Degeneration Disease.”

 

Benefits of the OLIF Procedure and Possible Risks to Keep in Mind

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Photo by NeONBRAND on Unsplash

Spinal surgeries are known for their invasiveness and can cause loss of back strength due to cutting into significant back muscles to reach the centrally located spine. 

OLIF is one of the few spinal surgeries that is a minimally invasive procedure and can reach the problem area without cutting into any major muscle mass, therefore protecting the body’s strength. [source]

That said, there are a handful of other vital reasons to consider OLIF surgery over more traditional “open fusion techniques.” But, like any surgical procedure, there also are risks that come with the OLIF procedure. 

We discuss both the advantages and disadvantages of the OLIF procedure below...

Advantages:

  • Neuromonitoring not needed to assess for nerve trauma 
  • No repositioning of the patient; the procedure is done on the patient’s side through an oblique approach 
  • The procedure is technically easier, which means shorter learning curves for the surgeon
  • Reduced in-surgery time 
  • A patient needs less anesthesia due to shorter operating times 
  • Cutting into muscles and soft tissue not needed 
  • Lower risk of nerve damage or bleeding 
  • A portion of the bone (facet) is not removed; the procedure utilizes dilation of the space
  • The risk of blood clots is reduced due to shorter procedure time 
  • Less wound infections compared to ALIF 
  • The patient is exposed to less radiation thanks to the fluoroscopy
  • Quicker release from the hospital 

Disadvantages: 

  • There is a chance of converting from minimally invasive surgery to an open procedure.
  • Chance of nerve damage or damage to surrounding tissue
  • Potential for instrument malfunction 
  • Risk of non-fusion of discs, known as a ‘failure.’

 

Why is the correct lighting essential for an OLIF procedure? 

  • Small incision opening, requires illumination at the disk removal/insertion point  
  • A deep cavity makes traditional headlamps inadequate, only usable by the wearer 
  • OR overhead lights do not provide illumination at the correct cavity angle 
  • Lumitex OLIF lighting technique allows for adjustable lengths to accommodate various incision depths   

Below are two images of a Lumitex customer's light with a retractor "in action."

  

 

Conclusion

Since Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) was introduced, many advancements have been made in the industry. According to a market analysis report by Grand View Research, "the MIS instruments market size was valued at $20 billion in 2018 and is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 9.85% during the forecast period 2019 - 2026."

It's without a doubt that OLIF procedures will become increasingly more prominent throughout the industry and both spinal instrument and implant companies looking to develop their capabilities will be adding OLIF illumination to their portfolio. 

At Lumitex, we can give you everything you need to add light to your surgical retractor system, so you can focus on improving the standard of patient care.  Share your project with our team today so we can help you optimize your design to enhance patient care and outcomes.

 

**References 

  1. https://spineconnection.org/understanding-oblique-lateral-interbody-fusion-olif-surgery/
  2. https://drtonymork.com/back-pain/disc-herniation/lumbar-transforaminal-approach-for-herniated-disc/
  3. https://thejns.org/spine/view/journals/j-neurosurg-spine/32/3/article-p390.xml
  4. https://www.emog.net/oblique-lumbar-interbody-fusion/
  5. Ohtori, Seiji & Orita, Sumihisa & Yamauchi, Kazuyo & Eguchi, Yawara & Ochiai, Nobuyasu & Kishida, Shunji & Matsuura, Yusuke & Aoki, Yasuchika & Nakamura, Junichi & Ishikawa, Tetsuhiro & Miyagi, Masayuki & Kamoda, Hiroto & Suzuki, Miyako & Kubota, Go & Sakuma, Yoshihiro & Oikawa, Yasuhiro & Inage, Kazuhide & Sainoh, Takeshi & Sato, Jun & Takahashi, Kazuhisa. (2015). Mini-Open Anterior Retroperitoneal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Oblique Lateral Interbody Fusion for Lumbar Spinal Degeneration Disease. Yonsei medical journal. 56. 1051-1059. 10.3349/ymj.2015.56.4.1051.
Author
Joe Dombrowski

Joe Dombrowski

Joe Dombrowski is the Director of Business Development, Medical Devices at Lumitex. He is an Experienced Technical Leader with a demonstrated history of working in the Automotive and Medical Device industries. Leveraging a unique professional background to drive innovation and growth in various markets. Skilled in strategic planning, governance, management, forming strategic alliances, business development, product launch, relationship management, product management, branding, leadership development, business analytics, and executing complex initiatives. Strong technical and business services professional with a Bachelors of Science focused in Mechanical Engineering from Cleveland State University.

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